Diseases & Conditions


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Acrocallosal Syndrome, Schinzel Type


Synonyms of Acrocallosal Syndrome, Schinzel Type
  • Absence of Corpus Callosum, Schinzel Type
  • ACLS
  • ACS
  • Hallux Duplication, Postaxial Polydactyly, and Absence of Corpus Callosum
  • Schinzel Acrocallosal Syndrome

Disorder Subdivisions



    General Discussion
    Acrocallosal syndrome, Schinzel type is a rare genetic disorder that is apparent at birth (congenital). Associated symptoms and findings may be variable, including among affected members of the same family (kindred). However, the disorder is typically characterized by underdevelopment (hypoplasia) or absence (agenesis) of the thick band of nerve fibers joining the two hemispheres of the brain (corpus callosum) and moderate to severe mental retardation. In addition, many affected individuals have malformations of the skull and facial (craniofacial) region and/or distinctive abnormalities of the fingers and toes (digits). Characteristic craniofacial abnormalities may include an unusually large head (macrocephaly) with a prominent forehead; widely spaced eyes (ocular hypertelorism); downslanting eyelid folds (palpebral fissures); a small nose with a broad nasal bridge; and malformed (dysplastic) ears. Most affected individuals also have distinctive digital malformations, such as the presence of extra (supernumerary) fingers and toes (polydactyly) and webbing or fusion (syndactyly) of certain digits. Additional physical abnormalities may also be present, including growth retardation, resulting in short stature. Although autosomal recessive inheritance has been suggested, acrocallosal syndrome often appears to occur randomly for unknown reasons (sporadically).
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    Organizations related to Acrocallosal Syndrome, Schinzel Type
    • Agenesis of the Corpus Callosum (ACC) Network
      5749 Merrill Hall
      Orono ME 04469-5749
      Phone #: 207-581-3119
      800 #: --
      e-mail: um-acc@maine.edu
      Home page: N/A
    • AmeriFace
      PO Box 751112
      Las Vegas NV 89136
      Phone #: 702-769-9264
      800 #: 888-486-1209
      e-mail: info@ameriface.org
      Home page: http://www.ameriface.org
    • American Heart Association
      National Center
      Dallas TX 75231-4596
      Phone #: 214-373-6300
      800 #: 800-242-8721
      e-mail: inquire@heart.org
      Home page: http://www.americanheart.org
    • Congenital Heart Anomalies, Support, Education, & Resources
      2112 North Wilkins Road
      Swanton OH 43558
      Phone #: 419-825-5575
      800 #: --
      e-mail: chaser@compuserve.com
      Home page: http://www.csun.edu/~hcmth011/chaser/chaser-news.html
    • Epilepsy Foundation
      4351 Garden City Drive
      Landover MD 20785
      Phone #: 301-459-3700
      800 #: 800-332-1000
      e-mail: postmaster@efa.org
      Home page: http://www.epilepsyfoundation.org
    • FACES: The National Craniofacial Association
      P.O. Box 11082
      Chattanooga TN 37401
      Phone #: 423-266-1632
      800 #: 800-332-2373
      e-mail: faces@faces-cranio.org
      Home page: http://www.faces-cranio.org
    • Forward Face, Inc.
      317 East 34th Street
      New York NY 10016
      Phone #: 212-684-5860
      800 #: 800-393-3223
      e-mail: info@forwardface.org
      Home page: http://www.forwardface.org
    • Guardians of Hydrocephalus Research Foundation
      2618 Avenue Z
      Brooklyn NY 11235
      Phone #: 718-743-4473
      800 #: 800-458-8655
      e-mail: GHRF2618@aol.com
      Home page: N/A
    • Hydrocephalus Association
      870 Market Street
      San Francisco CA 94102
      Phone #: 415-732-7040
      800 #: 888-598-3789
      e-mail: pip@hydroassoc.org
      Home page: http://www.hydroassoc.org
    • Let's Face It (USA)
      P.O. Box 29972
      Bellingham WA 98228-1972
      Phone #: 360-676-7325
      800 #: --
      e-mail: faceit@umich.edu
      Home page: http://www.dent.umich.edu/faceit
    • March of Dimes Birth Defects Foundation
      1275 Mamaroneck Avenue
      White Plains NY 10605
      Phone #: 914-428-7100
      800 #: 888-663-4637
      e-mail: Askus@marchofdimes.com
      Home page: http://www.marchofdimes.com
    • NIH/National Eye Institute
      Building 31 Rm 6A32
      Bethesda MD 20892-2510
      Phone #: 301-496-5248
      800 #: --
      e-mail: 2020@nei.nih.gov
      Home page: http://www.nei.nih.gov/
    • National Hydrocephalus Foundation
      12413 Centralia
      Lakewood CA 90715-1623
      Phone #: 562-924-6666
      800 #: 888-857-3434
      e-mail: nhf@earthlink.net
      Home page: http://www.nhfonline.org
    • National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)
      31 Center Drive
      Bethesda MD 20892-2540
      Phone #: 301-496-5751
      800 #: 800-352-9424
      e-mail: braininfo@ninds.nih.gov
      Home page: http://www.ninds.nih.gov/
    • The Arc (a national organization on mental retardation)
      1010 Wayne Ave
      Silver Spring MD 20910
      Phone #: 301-565-3842
      800 #: 800-433-5255
      e-mail: info@thearc.org
      Home page: http://www.thearc.org/



    For a Complete Report

    This is an abstract of a report from the National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc. ? (NORD). A copy of the complete report can be obtained for a small fee by visiting the NORD website. The complete report contains additional information including symptoms, causes, affected population, related disorders, standard and investigational treatments (if available), and references from medical literature. For a full-text version of this topic, see http://www.rarediseases.org/search/rdblist.html

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