Diseases & Conditions


A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

AIDS Dysmorphic Syndrome


Synonyms of AIDS Dysmorphic Syndrome
  • Dysmorphic Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome
  • Dysmorphic AIDS
  • Fetal Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS)
  • Fetal AIDS Infection
  • Fetal Effects of AIDS
  • HIV Embryopathy
  • Perinatal AIDS

Disorder Subdivisions



    General Discussion
    The term AIDS dysmorphic syndrome or HIV embryopathy has been used by some researchers to describe specific facial malformations (i.e., craniofacial dysmorphism), an unusually small head, and growth deficiency in some infants infected with HIV.* Such craniofacial abnormalities have included a prominent, boxlike forehead; large, wide eyes; a flattened nasal bridge; and an unusually pronounced philtrum, which is the vertical groove in the center of the upper lip.

    However, many investigators have since questioned the significance of these observations. Such researchers indicate that there is lack of evidence for characteristic craniofacial malformations in infants who acquired HIV infection from their mother before, during, or shortly after birth (i.e., perinatally).

    *HIV is the abbreviation for the human immunodeficiency virus, a retrovirus that infects certain white blood cells called helper T cells (CD4+ cells). HIV infection leads to progressive deterioration of the body's immune system and causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).
    .

    Organizations related to AIDS Dysmorphic Syndrome
    • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
      1600 Clifton Road NE
      Atlanta GA 30333
      Phone #: 404-639-3534
      800 #: 800-311-3435
      e-mail: http://www.cdc.gov/netinfo.htm
      Home page: http://www.cdc.gov/
    • Computerized AIDS Information Network
      1625 North Schrader Boulevard
      Los Angeles CA 90038
      Phone #: 213-845-4180
      800 #: --
      e-mail: N/A
      Home page: N/A
    • Jack Miller Center for Peripheral Neuropathy
      University of Chicago
      Chicago IL 60637
      Phone #: 773-702-5800
      800 #: N/A
      e-mail: information-millercenter@neurology.bsd.uchicago.edu
      Home page: http://millercenter.uchicago.edu
    • NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases
      6610 Rockledge Drive
      Bethesda MD 20892-6612
      Phone #: 301-496-5717
      800 #: --
      e-mail: N/A
      Home page: http://www.niaid.nih.gov/
    • The Arc (a national organization on mental retardation)
      1010 Wayne Ave
      Silver Spring MD 20910
      Phone #: 301-565-3842
      800 #: 800-433-5255
      e-mail: info@thearc.org
      Home page: http://www.thearc.org/
    • amfAR (American Foundation for AIDS Research)
      120 Wall Street
      New York NY 10005-3902
      Phone #: 212-806-1600
      800 #: 800-392-6327
      e-mail: webmaster@amfar.org
      Home page: http://www.amfar.org



    For a Complete Report

    This is an abstract of a report from the National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc. ? (NORD). A copy of the complete report can be obtained for a small fee by visiting the NORD website. The complete report contains additional information including symptoms, causes, affected population, related disorders, standard and investigational treatments (if available), and references from medical literature. For a full-text version of this topic, see http://www.rarediseases.org/search/rdblist.html

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