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American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP)


A nonprofit professional organization of pediatricians who dedicate their efforts and resources to the health, safety, and well-being of infants, children, adolescents, and young adults. The AAP has approximately 55,000 members in the United States, Canada, and Latin America, including pediatricians, pediatric medical subspecialists, and pediatric surgical specialists. More than 34,000 members are board-certified and called Fellows of the American Academy of Pediatrics (FAAP). The AAP was founded in June 1930 by 35 pediatricians who met in Detroit in response to the need for an independent pediatric forum to address children’s needs. When the AAP was established, the idea that children have special developmental and health needs was unusual. Preventive health practices now associated with child care, such as immunizations and regular health exams, were only just beginning to change the custom of treating children as “miniature adults.” The American Academy of Pediatrics works to attain the best physical, mental, and social health and well-being for all infants, children, adolescents, and young adults. The AAP currently has 51 sections with more than 29,000 members interested in specialized areas of pediatrics. This includes a section for resident physicians with more than 9,000 members. Sections present educational programs for both their members and the general membership of the AAP in order to highlight current research and practical knowledge in their respective subspecialties. The AAP publishes a monthly scientific journal Pediatrics, a continuing education journal called Pediatrics in Review, and its membership newspaper AAP News. The AAP also produces patient education brochures and a series of child care books written by AAP members. The AAP executes original research in social, economic, and behavioral areas and promotes funding of research. It maintains a Washington, D.C., office to ensure that children’s health needs are taken into consideration as legislation and public policy are developed.