Diseases & Conditions


A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Cholera


Synonyms of Cholera
  • Asiatic Cholera
  • Epidemic Cholera

Disorder Subdivisions



    General Discussion
    Cholera is an acute infectious disease caused by the bacterium vibrio cholerae, which lives and multiples (colonizes) in the small intestine but does not destroy or invade the intestinal tissue (noninvasive). The major symptom of cholera is massive watery diarrhea that occurs because of a toxin secreted by the bacteria that stimulates the cells of the small intestine to secrete fluid. There are several strains of V. cholerae and the severity of the disease is based on the particular infectious strain.

    Cholera is not a difficult disease to treat and most people recover well with appropriate oral fluid replacement (hydration). However, if the disease goes untreated, it can rapidly lead to shock, as a result of fluid and electrolyte loss, and to life-threatening complications.
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    Organizations related to Cholera
    • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
      1600 Clifton Road NE
      Atlanta GA 30333
      Phone #: 404-639-3534
      800 #: 800-311-3435
      e-mail: http://www.cdc.gov/netinfo.htm
      Home page: http://www.cdc.gov/
    • NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases
      6610 Rockledge Drive
      Bethesda MD 20892-6612
      Phone #: 301-496-5717
      800 #: --
      e-mail: N/A
      Home page: http://www.niaid.nih.gov/
    • World Health Organization (WHO) Regional Office for the Americas (AMRO)
      Pan American Health Organization (PAHO)
      Washington DC 20037
      Phone #: 202-974-3000
      800 #: --
      e-mail: postmaster@paho.org
      Home page: http://www.who.ch/



    For a Complete Report

    This is an abstract of a report from the National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc. ? (NORD). A copy of the complete report can be obtained for a small fee by visiting the NORD website. The complete report contains additional information including symptoms, causes, affected population, related disorders, standard and investigational treatments (if available), and references from medical literature. For a full-text version of this topic, see http://www.rarediseases.org/search/rdblist.html