Diseases & Conditions


A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Hepatorenal Syndrome


Synonyms of Hepatorenal Syndrome
  • Hepato-Renal Syndrome
  • HRS

Disorder Subdivisions



    General Discussion
    Hepatorenal syndrome (HRS) is a form of impaired kidney function that occurs in individuals with advanced liver disease. Individuals with hepatorenal syndrome do not have any identifiable cause of kidney dysfunction and the kidneys themselves are not structural damaged. Therefore, hepatorenal syndrome may be referred as a ?functional? form of kidney impairment. In fact, if the kidney of an individual with hepatorenal syndrome were to be transplanted into an otherwise healthy individual, it would function normally. Hepatorenal syndrome is classified into to two distinct types. Type I is a rapidly progressive condition that leads to renal failure; type II does not have a rapid course.

    Although the hepatorenal syndrome occurs in individuals with liver disease, the exact cause of the condition is unknown. Researchers have noted that blood circulation is abnormal in individuals with hepatorenal syndrome. The arteries that circulate oxygenated blood from the lungs to the rest of the body (systemic circulation) widen in contrast to the arteries of the kidney, which narrow causing a decrease in the blood flow through the kidney. Many affected individuals also have high blood pressure of the branches of the portal vein (portal hypertension), the main vein that carries blood from the intestines to the liver.

    Organizations related to Hepatorenal Syndrome
    • American Association of Kidney Patients
      3505 East Frontage Road
      Tampa FL 33607
      Phone #: 813-636-8100
      800 #: 800-749-2257
      e-mail: info@aakp.org
      Home page: http://www.aakp.org
    • American Kidney Fund, Inc.
      6110 Executive Boulevard
      Rockville MD 20852
      Phone #: 301-881-3052
      800 #: 800-638-8299
      e-mail: helpline@kideyfund.org
      Home page: http://www.kidneyfund.org
    • American Liver Foundation
      75 Maiden Lane
      New York NY 10038
      Phone #: 212-668-1000
      800 #: 800-465-4837
      e-mail: info@liverfoundation.org
      Home page: http://www.liverfoundation.org
    • Madisons Foundation
      PO Box 241956
      Los Angeles CA 90024
      Phone #: 310-264-0826
      800 #: N/A
      e-mail: getinfo@madisonsfoundation.org
      Home page: http://www.madisonsfoundation.org
    • NIH/National Kidney and Urologic Diseases Information Clearinghouse
      3 Information Way
      Bethesda MD 20892-3580
      Phone #: N/A
      800 #: 800-891-5390
      e-mail: nkudic@info.niddk.nih.gov
      Home page: http://kidney.niddk.nih.gov/
    • National Kidney Foundation
      30 East 33rd Street
      New York NY 10016
      Phone #: 212-889-2210
      800 #: 800-622-9010
      e-mail: info@kidney.org
      Home page: http://www.kidney.org



    For a Complete Report

    This is an abstract of a report from the National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc. ? (NORD). A copy of the complete report can be obtained for a small fee by visiting the NORD website. The complete report contains additional information including symptoms, causes, affected population, related disorders, standard and investigational treatments (if available), and references from medical literature. For a full-text version of this topic, see http://www.rarediseases.org/search/rdblist.html