Diseases & Conditions


A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Hypokalemia


Synonyms of Hypokalemia
  • Hypokalemic Syndrome
  • Hypopotassemia Syndrome
  • Low Potassium Syndrome
  • Nephritis, Potassium-Losing
  • Potassium Loss Syndrome

Disorder Subdivisions



    General Discussion
    Hypokalemia is a metabolic imbalance characterized by extremely low potassium levels in the blood. It is a symptom of another disease or condition, or a side effect of diuretic drugs. The body needs potassium for the contraction of muscles (including the heart), and for the functioning of many complicated proteins (enzymes). Potassium is found primarily in the skeletal muscle and bone, and participates with sodium to contribute to the normal flow of body fluids between the cells in the body. The normal concentration of potassium in the body is regulated by the kidneys through the excretion of urine. When the kidneys are functioning normally, the amount of potassium in the diet is sufficient for use by the body and the excess is usually excreted through urine and sweat. Body chemicals and hormones such as aldosterone also regulate potassium balance. Secretion of the hormone insulin, which is normally stimulated by food, prevents a temporary diet-induced Hypokalemia by increasing cell absorption of potassium. When Hypokalemia occurs, there is an imbalance resulting from a dysfunction in this normal process, or the rapid loss of urine or sweat without replacement of sufficient potassium.



    Organizations related to Hypokalemia
    • CLIMB (Children Living with Inherited Metabolic Diseases)
      Climb Building
      Crewe Intl CW2 6BG
      Phone #: +44- 87-0 7700 325
      800 #: --
      e-mail: info@climb.org.uk
      Home page: http://www.CLIMB.org.uk
    • Digestive Disease National Coalition
      507 Capitol Court
      Washington DC 20002
      Phone #: 202-544-7497
      800 #: --
      e-mail: scott@hmcw.org
      Home page: http://www.ddnc.org
    • MUMS (Mothers United for Moral Support, Inc) National Parent-to-Parent Network
      150 Custer Court
      Green Bay WI 54301-1243
      Phone #: 920-336-5333
      800 #: 877-336-5333
      e-mail: mums@netnet.net
      Home page: http://www.netnet.net/mums/
    • Muscular Dystrophy Association
      3300 E. Sunrise Dr
      Tucson AZ 85718
      Phone #: 520-529-2000
      800 #: 800-344-4863
      e-mail: mda@mdausa.org
      Home page: http://www.mdausa.org
    • NIH/National Institute of Diabetes, Digestive & Kidney Diseases
      Endocrine Diseases Metabolic Diseases Branch
      Bethesda MD 20892-3570
      Phone #: 301-654-3810
      800 #: --
      e-mail: NDDIC@info.niddk.nih.gov
      Home page: http://www.niddk.nih.gov



    For a Complete Report

    This is an abstract of a report from the National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc. ? (NORD). A copy of the complete report can be obtained for a small fee by visiting the NORD website. The complete report contains additional information including symptoms, causes, affected population, related disorders, standard and investigational treatments (if available), and references from medical literature. For a full-text version of this topic, see http://www.rarediseases.org/search/rdblist.html