Diseases & Conditions


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Jansen Type Metaphyseal Chondrodysplasia


Synonyms of Jansen Type Metaphyseal Chondrodysplasia
  • Jansen Disease
  • Jansen Metaphyseal Dysostosis
  • Murk Jansen Type Metaphyseal Chondrodysplasia

Disorder Subdivisions



    General Discussion
    Jansen type metaphyseal chondrodysplasia is an extremely rare progressive disorder in which portions of the bones of the arms and legs develop abnormally with unusual cartilage formations and subsequent abnormal bone formation at the large (bulbous) end portions (metaphyses) of these long bones (metaphyseal chondrodysplasia). As a result, affected individuals exhibit unusually short arms and legs and short stature (short-limbed dwarfism), findings that typically become apparent during early childhood. Abnormal cartilage and bone development may also affect other bones of the body, particularly those of the hands and feet (i.e., metacarpals and metatarsals). Infants with Jansen type metaphyseal chondrodysplasia may also have characteristic facial abnormalities and additional skeletal malformations. During childhood, affected individuals may begin to exhibit progressive stiffening and swelling of many joints and/or an unusual waddling gait and squatting stance. In addition, affected adults may eventually develop abnormally hardened (sclerotic) bones especially in the back of the head (cranial bones), which, in some cases, may lead to blindness and/or deafness. In addition, in some cases, affected individuals have abnormally high levels of calcium in the blood (hypercalcemia). The range and severity of symptoms may vary from case to case. Most cases of Jansen type metaphyseal chondrodysplasia occur randomly as the result of a spontaneous genetic change (i.e., new genetic mutation)

    Organizations related to Jansen Type Metaphyseal Chondrodysplasia
    • Craniofacial Foundation of America
      975 East Third Street
      Chattanooga TN 37403
      Phone #: 423-778-9192
      800 #: 800-418-3223
      e-mail: farmertm@erlanger.org
      Home page: http://www.craniofacialcenter.com
    • Human Growth Foundation
      997 Glen Cove Avenue
      Glen Head NY 11545
      Phone #: 516-671-4041
      800 #: 800-451-6434
      e-mail: hgf1@hgfound.org
      Home page: http://www.hgfound.org/
    • Little People of America, Inc.
      250 El Camino Real
      Tustin CA 92780
      Phone #: 714-368-3689
      800 #: 888-572-2001
      e-mail: info@lpaonline.org
      Home page: http://www.lpaonline.org
    • MAGIC Foundation for Children's Growth
      6645 W. North Avenue
      Oak Park IL 60302
      Phone #: 708-383-0808
      800 #: 800-362-4423
      e-mail: mary@magicfoundation.org
      Home page: http://www.magicfoundation.org
    • NIH/Nat'l Institute on Deafness & Other Communication Disorders Information Clearinghouse
      1 Communication Ave
      Bethesda MD 20892-3456
      Phone #: 301-402-0900
      800 #: 800-241-1044
      e-mail: nidcdinfo@nidcd.nih.gov
      Home page: http://www.nidcd.nih.gov
    • NIH/National Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases Information Clearinghouse
      1 AMS Circle
      Bethesda MD 20892-3675
      Phone #: 301-495-4484
      800 #: 877-226-4267
      e-mail: NIAMSinfo@mail.nih.gov
      Home page: http://www.niams.nih.gov/Health_Info
    • National Craniofacial Foundation
      3100 Carlisle Street
      Dallas TX 75204
      Phone #: --
      800 #: 800-535-3643
      e-mail: N/A
      Home page: N/A



    For a Complete Report

    This is an abstract of a report from the National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc. ? (NORD). A copy of the complete report can be obtained for a small fee by visiting the NORD website. The complete report contains additional information including symptoms, causes, affected population, related disorders, standard and investigational treatments (if available), and references from medical literature. For a full-text version of this topic, see http://www.rarediseases.org/search/rdblist.html