Diseases & Conditions


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Kugelberg Welander Syndrome


Synonyms of Kugelberg Welander Syndrome
  • Juvenile spinal muscular atrophy
  • KWS
  • SMA3
  • Spinal muscular atrophy type 3

Disorder Subdivisions



    General Discussion
    Kugelberg Welander syndrome is a type of spinal muscular atrophy. It is a rare inherited neuromuscular disorder characterized by wasting and weakness in the muscles of the arms and legs, twitching, clumsiness in walking, and eventual loss of reflexes. Symptoms of Kugelberg Welander syndrome occur after 12 months of age. Patients learn to walk but fall frequently and have trouble walking up and down stairs at 2-3 years of age. The legs are more severely affected than the arms. The long-term prognosis depends on the degree of motor function attained as a child.

    Kugelberg Welander syndrome is inherited as an autosomal recessive trait. Molecular genetic testing has revealed that all types of autosomal recessive SMA are caused by mutations in the SMN (survival motor neuron) gene on chromosome 5. Deletion of the NAIP (neuronal apoptosis inhibitory protein) gene that is close to the SMN gene is also associated with SMA. More patients with Werdnig Hoffman disease (SMA1) than other types of SMA have NAIP deletions. The relationship between specific mutations in the SMN gene and nearby genes and the severity of SMA is still being investigated so classification of SMA subdivisions is based on age of onset of symptoms as opposed to the genetic profile.
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    Organizations related to Kugelberg Welander Syndrome
    • Families of Spinal Muscular Atrophy
      P.O. Box 196
      Libertyville IL 60048
      Phone #: 847-367-7620
      800 #: 800-886-1762
      e-mail: sma@fsma.org
      Home page: http://www.curesma.com
    • FightSMA (Andrew's Buddies)
      1807 Libbie Avenue
      Richmond VA 23226
      Phone #: 804-515-0080
      800 #: N/A
      e-mail: heatherlennon@fightsma.com
      Home page: http://www.FightSMA.org .org
    • Jennifer Trust for Spinal Muscular Atrophy
      Elta House
      Warwickshire None CV37 0AQ
      Phone #: 087-0 7-743651
      800 #: --
      e-mail: jennifer@jtsma.org.uk
      Home page: http://www.jtsma.org.uk
    • MUMS (Mothers United for Moral Support, Inc) National Parent-to-Parent Network
      150 Custer Court
      Green Bay WI 54301-1243
      Phone #: 920-336-5333
      800 #: 877-336-5333
      e-mail: mums@netnet.net
      Home page: http://www.netnet.net/mums/
    • Madisons Foundation
      PO Box 241956
      Los Angeles CA 90024
      Phone #: 310-264-0826
      800 #: N/A
      e-mail: getinfo@madisonsfoundation.org
      Home page: http://www.madisonsfoundation.org
    • March of Dimes Birth Defects Foundation
      1275 Mamaroneck Avenue
      White Plains NY 10605
      Phone #: 914-428-7100
      800 #: 888-663-4637
      e-mail: Askus@marchofdimes.com
      Home page: http://www.marchofdimes.com
    • Muscular Dystrophy Association
      3300 E. Sunrise Dr
      Tucson AZ 85718
      Phone #: 520-529-2000
      800 #: 800-344-4863
      e-mail: mda@mdausa.org
      Home page: http://www.mdausa.org
    • National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)
      31 Center Drive
      Bethesda MD 20892-2540
      Phone #: 301-496-5751
      800 #: 800-352-9424
      e-mail: braininfo@ninds.nih.gov
      Home page: http://www.ninds.nih.gov/



    For a Complete Report

    This is an abstract of a report from the National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc. ? (NORD). A copy of the complete report can be obtained for a small fee by visiting the NORD website. The complete report contains additional information including symptoms, causes, affected population, related disorders, standard and investigational treatments (if available), and references from medical literature. For a full-text version of this topic, see http://www.rarediseases.org/search/rdblist.html