Diseases & Conditions


A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Oculocerebral Syndrome with Hypopigmentation


Synonyms of Oculocerebral Syndrome with Hypopigmentation
  • Cross-McKusick-Breen Syndrome
  • Cross Syndrome
  • Depigmentation-Gingival Fibromatosis-Microphthalmia
  • Kramer Syndrome

Disorder Subdivisions



    General Discussion
    Oculocerebral Syndrome with Hypopigmentation is an extremely rare inherited disorder characterized by the lack of normal color (hypopigmentation) of the skin and hair and abnormalities of the central nervous system that affect the eyes and certain parts of the brain (oculocerebral). Physical findings at birth include unusually light skin color and silvery-gray hair. Abnormal findings associated with the central nervous system may include abnormal smallness of one or both eyes (microphthalmia); clouding (opacities) of the front, clear portion of the eye through which light passes (cornea); and/or rapid, involuntary eye movements (nystagmus). Additional symptoms that may develop during infancy include involuntary muscle contractions, associated loss of muscle function (spastic paraplegia), developmental delays, and/or mental retardation. Oculocerebral Syndrome with Hypopigmentation is believed to be inherited as an autosomal recessive genetic trait.

    Organizations related to Oculocerebral Syndrome with Hypopigmentation
    • NIH/National Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases Information Clearinghouse
      1 AMS Circle
      Bethesda MD 20892-3675
      Phone #: 301-495-4484
      800 #: 877-226-4267
      e-mail: NIAMSinfo@mail.nih.gov
      Home page: http://www.niams.nih.gov/Health_Info
    • NIH/National Eye Institute
      Building 31 Rm 6A32
      Bethesda MD 20892-2510
      Phone #: 301-496-5248
      800 #: --
      e-mail: 2020@nei.nih.gov
      Home page: http://www.nei.nih.gov/
    • National Association for Parents of Children with Visual Impairments (NAPVI)
      P.O. Box 317
      Watertown MA 02472
      Phone #: 617-972-7441
      800 #: 800-562-6265
      e-mail: napvi@perkins.org
      Home page: http://www.napvi.org
    • National Association for Visually Handicapped
      22 West 21st Street
      New York NY 10010
      Phone #: 212-889-3141
      800 #: --
      e-mail: staff@navh.org
      Home page: http://www.navh.org



    For a Complete Report

    This is an abstract of a report from the National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc. ? (NORD). A copy of the complete report can be obtained for a small fee by visiting the NORD website. The complete report contains additional information including symptoms, causes, affected population, related disorders, standard and investigational treatments (if available), and references from medical literature. For a full-text version of this topic, see http://www.rarediseases.org/search/rdblist.html