Diseases & Conditions


A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Papillon Lefevre Syndrome


Synonyms of Papillon Lefevre Syndrome
  • Hyperkeratosis Palmoplantaris with Periodontosis
  • Keratoris Palmoplantaris with Periodontopathia
  • Palmar-plantar Hyperkeratosis and Concomitant Periodontal Destruction
  • Palmoplantar Keratoderma with Periodontosis

Disorder Subdivisions



    General Discussion
    Papillon-Lefevre Syndrome (PLS) is an extremely rare genetic disorder that typically becomes apparent from approximately one to five years of age. PLS is characterized by the development of dry scaly patches on the skin of the palms and the soles (palmar-plantar hyperkeratosis) in association with severe inflammation and degeneration of the structures surrounding and supporting the teeth (periodontium). The primary (deciduous) teeth frequently become loose and fall out by about age five. Without treatment, most of the secondary (permanent) teeth may also be lost by approximately age 17. Additional symptoms and findings associated with PLS may include frequent pus-producing (pyogenic) skin infections, abnormalities of the nails (nail dystrophy), and excessive perspiration (hyperhidrosis).

    Papillon-Lefevre Syndrome is transmitted as an autosomal recessive trait. Genetic analysis of several affected families (kindreds) suggests that the disorder may result from changes (mutations) of a gene that regulates production of an enzyme known as cathespin C. The gene is located on the long arm (q) of chromosome 11 (11q14).

    Organizations related to Papillon Lefevre Syndrome
    • NIH/National Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases Information Clearinghouse
      1 AMS Circle
      Bethesda MD 20892-3675
      Phone #: 301-495-4484
      800 #: 877-226-4267
      e-mail: NIAMSinfo@mail.nih.gov
      Home page: http://www.niams.nih.gov/Health_Info
    • NIH/National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research
      None
      None None None
      Phone #: 301-496-4261
      800 #: --
      e-mail: nidcr@nih.gov
      Home page: http://www.nidcr.nih.gov/
    • National Foundation for Ectodermal Dysplasias
      410 East Main Street
      Mascoutah IL 62258-0114
      Phone #: 618-566-2020
      800 #: --
      e-mail: info@nfed.org
      Home page: http://www.nfed.org



    For a Complete Report

    This is an abstract of a report from the National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc. ? (NORD). A copy of the complete report can be obtained for a small fee by visiting the NORD website. The complete report contains additional information including symptoms, causes, affected population, related disorders, standard and investigational treatments (if available), and references from medical literature. For a full-text version of this topic, see http://www.rarediseases.org/search/rdblist.html