Diseases & Conditions


A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Thyroid Cancer


Synonyms of Thyroid Cancer

    Disorder Subdivisions

    • Anaplastic Thyroid Carcinoma
    • Follicular Thyroid Carcinoma
    • Hurthle Cell Carcinoma
    • Medullary Thyroid Carcinoma
    • Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma
    • Primary Squamous Carcinoma of the Thyroid
    • Thyroid Lymphoma
    • Thyroid Teratoma


    General Discussion
    Thyroid cancer (carcinoma) is cancer affecting the thyroid gland, a butterfly-shaped structure located at the base of the neck. The thyroid is part of the endocrine system, the network of glands that secrete hormones that regulate the chemical processes (metabolism) that influence the body?s activities as well as regulating the heart rate, body temperature, and blood pressure. Hormones are secreted directly into the bloodstream where they travel to various areas of the body. In many cases, there are no symptoms (asymptomatic) associated with thyroid cancer. Pain in the neck, hoarseness and swollen lymph nodes especially in the neck may be present in some cases.

    The term cancer refers to a group of diseases characterized by abnormal, uncontrolled cellular growth that invades surrounding tissues and may spread (metastasize) to distant bodily tissues or organs via the bloodstream, the lymphatic system, or other means. Different forms of cancer, including thyroid cancer, may be classified based upon the cell type involved, the specific nature of the malignancy, and the disease's clinical course. The four main types of thyroid cancer are papillary, follicular, medullary and anaplastic. Rare forms of thyroid cancer include thyroid teratoma, lymphoma, and squamous cell carcinoma.

    Although thyroid cancer is rare, it is the most common form of cancer affecting the endocrine system. Most forms rarely cause pain or disability and are easily treated with surgery and follow-up therapy.

    Organizations related to Thyroid Cancer
    • American Cancer Society, Inc.
      1599 Clifton Road NE
      Atlanta GA 30329
      Phone #: 404-320-3333
      800 #: 800-227-2345
      e-mail: N/A
      Home page: http://www.cancer.org
    • Cancer.Net
      American Society of Clinical Oncology
      Alexandria VA 22314
      Phone #: 571-483-1780
      800 #: 888-651-3038
      e-mail: contactus@cancer.net
      Home page: http://www.cancer.net/patient
    • Friends of Cancer Research
      2231 Crystal Drive
      Arlington VA 22202
      Phone #: 703-302-1503
      800 #: N/A
      e-mail: info@focr.org
      Home page: http://www.focr.org
    • Lance Armstrong Foundation
      PO Box 161550
      Austin TX 78716-1150
      Phone #: 512-236-8820
      800 #: 866-235-7205
      e-mail: N/A
      Home page: http://www.livestrong.org
    • MUMS (Mothers United for Moral Support, Inc) National Parent-to-Parent Network
      150 Custer Court
      Green Bay WI 54301-1243
      Phone #: 920-336-5333
      800 #: 877-336-5333
      e-mail: mums@netnet.net
      Home page: http://www.netnet.net/mums/
    • National Cancer Institute
      6116 Executive Blvd, MSC 8322, Room 3036A
      Bethesda MD 20892-8322
      Phone #: 301-435-3848
      800 #: 800-422-6237
      e-mail: N/A
      Home page: http://www.cancer.gov
    • ThyCa: Thyroid Cancer Survivors' Association, Inc.
      PO Box 1545
      New York NY 10159-1545
      Phone #: 877-588-7904
      800 #: 877-855-7904
      e-mail: thyca@thyca.org
      Home page: http://www.thyca.org
    • UCSF Hemophilia Treatment Center
      400 Parnassus Ave.
      San Francisco CA 94143
      Phone #: 415-353-2986
      800 #: N/A
      e-mail: N/A
      Home page: http://www.ucsfhealth.org/adult/medical_services/blood/hemophilia/index.html
    • Wellness Community
      919 18th Street N.W.
      Washington DC 20006
      Phone #: 202-659-9709
      800 #: 888-793-9355
      e-mail: help@thewellnesscommunity.org
      Home page: http://www.thewellnesscommunity.org



    For a Complete Report

    This is an abstract of a report from the National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc. ? (NORD). A copy of the complete report can be obtained for a small fee by visiting the NORD website. The complete report contains additional information including symptoms, causes, affected population, related disorders, standard and investigational treatments (if available), and references from medical literature. For a full-text version of this topic, see http://www.rarediseases.org/search/rdblist.html