Diseases & Conditions


AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome)

Synonyms of AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome)
  • Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome

Disorder Subdivisions

  • AIDS Prodrome
  • AIDS related complex
  • AIDS-Related Complex (ARC)
  • ARC
  • Mini-AIDS
  • Wasting/Lymph Node Syndrome

General Discussion
AIDS is an infectious disorder that suppresses the normal function of the immune system. It is caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), which destroys the body's ability to fight infections. Specific cells of the immune system that are responsible for the proper response to infections (T cells) are destroyed by this virus. Characteristically a person infected with HIV initially experiences no symptoms for a variable period of time. This may be followed by the development of persistent generalized swelling of the lymph nodes (AIDS-related lymphadenopathy). Eventually most patients infected with HIV experience a syndrome of symptoms that includes excessive fatigue, weight loss, and/or skin rashes.

The later stages of HIV infection are characterized by the progressive depression of T cells and repeated infections that can even occur during a course of antibiotic therapy for another infection (superinfections). People with AIDS are particularly vulnerable to opportunistic infections from bacteria that other people normally fight off. Pneumocystis carinii, which causes severe inflammation of the lungs (pneumonia), is a common infection that effects people with AIDS. Cancers (malignant neoplasms), and a wide variety of neurological abnormalities, most notably the AIDS dementia complex, may also occur. These neurological symptoms when of HIV infects the nervous system.

Organizations related to AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome)
  • AIDSinfo
    PO Box 6303
    Rockville MD 20849-6303
    Phone #: 301-519-6616
    800 #: 888-480-3739
    e-mail: N/A
    Home page: http://www.aidsinfo.nih.gov
  • American Social Health Association
    P.O. Box 13827
    Research Triangle Park NC 27709
    Phone #: 919-361-8400
    800 #: --
    e-mail: [email protected]
    Home page: http://www.ashastd.org
  • Anemia Institute for Research and Education
    151 Bloor Street West
    Toronto, Ontario None M5S 1S4
    Phone #: 416--96-9-7431
    800 #: 877--99-2-6364
    e-mail: [email protected]
    Home page: http://www.anemiainstitute.org
  • CDC Business Responds to AIDS and Labor Responds to AIDS
    Web Site on the Internet
    None None None
    Phone #: --
    800 #: 800-458-5231
    e-mail: [email protected]
    Home page: http://www.brta-lrta.org
  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
    1600 Clifton Road NE
    Atlanta GA 30333
    Phone #: 404-639-3534
    800 #: 800-311-3435
    e-mail: http://www.cdc.gov/netinfo.htm
    Home page: http://www.cdc.gov/
  • HIV/AIDS Treatment Information Service
    P.O. Box 6303
    Rockville MD 20849-6303
    Phone #: 301-519-0459
    800 #: 800-448-0440
    e-mail: [email protected]
    Home page: http://www.hivatis.org
  • Health Information Network
    P.O. Box 30762
    Seattle WA 98113
    Phone #: 206-784-5655
    800 #: --
    e-mail: [email protected]
    Home page: http://www.healthinfonetwork.org
  • Hemophilia Federation of America
    1405 West Pinhook Road
    Lafayette LA 70503
    Phone #: 337-261-9787
    800 #: 800-203-9797
    e-mail: [email protected]
    Home page: http://www.hemophiliafed.org
  • Jack Miller Center for Peripheral Neuropathy
    University of Chicago
    Chicago IL 60637
    Phone #: 773-702-5800
    800 #: N/A
    e-mail: [email protected]
    Home page: http://millercenter.uchicago.edu
  • MUMS (Mothers United for Moral Support, Inc) National Parent-to-Parent Network
    150 Custer Court
    Green Bay WI 54301-1243
    Phone #: 920-336-5333
    800 #: 877-336-5333
    e-mail: [email protected]
    Home page: http://www.netnet.net/mums/
  • NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases
    6610 Rockledge Drive
    Bethesda MD 20892-6612
    Phone #: 301-496-5717
    800 #: --
    e-mail: N/A
    Home page: http://www.niaid.nih.gov/
  • National Gay Task Force
    80 Fifth Ave.
    New York NY 10011
    Phone #: --
    800 #: --
    e-mail: N/A
    Home page: N/A
  • Sexuality Information and Education Council of the U.S.
    130 West 42nd Street
    New York NY 10036-7802
    Phone #: 212-819-9770
    800 #: --
    e-mail: [email protected]
    Home page: http://www.siecus.org
  • Sj?ldne Diagnoser / Rare Disorders Denmark
    Frederiksholms Kanal 2, 3rd Floor
    Copenhagen K None 1220
    Phone #: 45 -33 -14 00 10
    800 #: N/A
    e-mail: [email protected]
    Home page: http://www.raredisorders.dk
  • amfAR (American Foundation for AIDS Research)
    120 Wall Street
    New York NY 10005-3902
    Phone #: 212-806-1600
    800 #: 800-392-6327
    e-mail: [email protected]
    Home page: http://www.amfar.org

For a Complete Report

This is an abstract of a report from the National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc. ? (NORD). A copy of the complete report can be obtained for a small fee by visiting the NORD website. The complete report contains additional information including symptoms, causes, affected population, related disorders, standard and investigational treatments (if available), and references from medical literature. For a full-text version of this topic, see http://www.rarediseases.org/search/rdblist.html