Diseases & Conditions


Cancer, Colon

Synonyms of Cancer, Colon
  • Adenocarcinoma of the Colon
  • Cancer of the Colon
  • Cancer of the Large Intestine
  • Carcinoma of the Colon
  • Colonic Cancer
  • Colorectal Cancer

Disorder Subdivisions

    General Discussion
    Colon cancer is more commonly called colorectal cancer because the disorder most often affects both parts of the digestive tract, the colon and the rectum. It is one of the most common cancers found in the United States. The cause is unknown. In some people, the tendency to develop colon cancer may be inherited. Cancer is a disease in which the growth of abnormal cells, a tumor, leads to the destruction of healthy cells. If the tumor becomes invasive or aggressive, it may spread into the intestinal wall and to other sites, at which time the tumor is considered malignant.

    Most malignant colon cancers and/or rectal cancers begin as apparently unthreatening (benign) growths (polyps) inside the colon or rectum. A colorectal polyp is a growth that projects (usually on a stalk) from the lining of the colon or rectum. Such polyps may become malignant although this is not always the case.

    The symptoms of colorectal cancer may include changes in bowel habits, blood in the stools, constipation and/or diarrhea, abdominal discomfort and sometimes nausea. Surgery is generally performed to correct this type of cancer. It may be accompanied by radiation therapy and/or chemotherapy.

    Organizations related to Cancer, Colon
    • American Cancer Society, Inc.
      1599 Clifton Road NE
      Atlanta GA 30329
      Phone #: 404-320-3333
      800 #: 800-227-2345
      e-mail: N/A
      Home page: http://www.cancer.org
    • CORE
      3 St. Andrews Place
      London None NW1 4LB
      Phone #: 020- 74-86 0341
      800 #: N/A
      e-mail: [email protected]
      Home page: http://www.corecharity.org.uk
    • Cancer Research UK
      PO Box 123
      London Intl WC2A 3PX
      Phone #: 020--72-42 0200
      800 #: N/A
      e-mail: N/A
      Home page: http://www.imperialcancer.co.uk
    • Cancer.Net
      American Society of Clinical Oncology
      Alexandria VA 22314
      Phone #: 571-483-1780
      800 #: 888-651-3038
      e-mail: [email protected]
      Home page: http://www.cancer.net/patient
    • Colorectal Cancer Network
      PO Box 182
      Kensington MD 20895
      Phone #: 301-879-1500
      800 #: N/A
      e-mail: [email protected]
      Home page: http://www.colorectal-cancer.net
    • David G. Jagelman Inherited Colorectal Cancer Registries
      Cleveland Clinic Foundation
      Cleveland OH 44195
      Phone #: 216-444-6470
      800 #: 800-223-2273
      e-mail: [email protected] or [email protected]
      Home page: http://www.clevelandclinic.org/registries
    • Friends of Cancer Research
      2231 Crystal Drive
      Arlington VA 22202
      Phone #: 703-302-1503
      800 #: N/A
      e-mail: [email protected]
      Home page: http://www.focr.org
    • Hereditary Colorectal Cancer Registry
      550 N. Broadway
      Baltimore MD 21205-2011
      Phone #: 410-955-4041
      800 #: N/A
      e-mail: [email protected]
      Home page: http://www.coloncancer.org
    • Johns Hopkins Hereditary Colorectal Cancer Registry
      550 North Broadway
      Baltimore MD 21205-2011
      Phone #: 410-955-3875
      800 #: 888-772-6566
      e-mail: [email protected]
      Home page: http://www.hopkins-gi.org
    • Lance Armstrong Foundation
      PO Box 161550
      Austin TX 78716-1150
      Phone #: 512-236-8820
      800 #: 866-235-7205
      e-mail: N/A
      Home page: http://www.livestrong.org
    • OncoLink: The University of Pennsylvania Cancer Center Resource
      3400 Spruce Street
      Philadelphia PA 19104-4283
      Phone #: 215-349-5445
      800 #: --
      e-mail: [email protected]
      Home page: http://www.oncolink.upenn.edu
    • Wellness Community
      919 18th Street N.W.
      Washington DC 20006
      Phone #: 202-659-9709
      800 #: 888-793-9355
      e-mail: [email protected]
      Home page: http://www.thewellnesscommunity.org

    For a Complete Report

    This is an abstract of a report from the National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc. ? (NORD). A copy of the complete report can be obtained for a small fee by visiting the NORD website. The complete report contains additional information including symptoms, causes, affected population, related disorders, standard and investigational treatments (if available), and references from medical literature. For a full-text version of this topic, see http://www.rarediseases.org/search/rdblist.html