Diseases & Conditions


Parkinson's Disease

Synonyms of Parkinson's Disease
  • Drug-Induced Parkinsonism
  • Paralysis Agitans
  • Parkinsonism
  • Postencephalitic Parkinsonism
  • Secondary Parkinsonism
  • Shaking Palsy
  • Symptomatic Parkinsonism

Disorder Subdivisions

    General Discussion
    Parkinson's disease is a slowly progressive neurologic condition characterized by involuntary trembling (tremor), muscular stiffness or inflexibility (rigidity), slowness of movement and difficulty carrying out voluntary movements. Degenerative changes occur in areas deep within the brain (substantia nigra and other pigmented regions of the brain), causing a decrease in dopamine levels in the brain. Dopamine is a neurotransmitter, which is a chemical that sends a signal in the brain. Parkinsonian symptoms can also develop secondary to hydrocephalus (a condition in which the head is enlarged and areas of the brain accumulate excessive fluids, resulting in an increase in pressure on the brain), head trauma, inflammation of the brain (encephalitis), obstructions (infarcts) or tumors deep within the cerebral hemispheres and the upper brain stem (basal ganglia), or exposure to certain drugs and toxins. Parkinson's disease is slowly progressive and may not become incapacitating for many years.

    Organizations related to Parkinson's Disease
    • Alzheimer's Foundation of America
      322 8th Ave
      New York NY 10001
      Phone #: 866-232-8484
      800 #: 866-232-8484
      e-mail: [email protected]
      Home page: http://www.alzfdn.org
    • American Association of Neurological Surgeons
      5550 Meadowbrook Drive
      Rolling Meadows IL 60008-3852
      Phone #: 847-378-0500
      800 #: 888-566-2267
      e-mail: [email protected]
      Home page: http://www.NeurosurgeryToday.org
    • Awakenings (Parkinson's Disease Information and News)
      Web Site on the Internet
      None None None
      Phone #: --
      800 #: --
      e-mail: [email protected]
      Home page: http://www.parkinsonsdisease.com
    • MUMS (Mothers United for Moral Support, Inc) National Parent-to-Parent Network
      150 Custer Court
      Green Bay WI 54301-1243
      Phone #: 920-336-5333
      800 #: 877-336-5333
      e-mail: [email protected]
      Home page: http://www.netnet.net/mums/
    • Madisons Foundation
      PO Box 241956
      Los Angeles CA 90024
      Phone #: 310-264-0826
      800 #: N/A
      e-mail: [email protected]
      Home page: http://www.madisonsfoundation.org
    • NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases
      6610 Rockledge Drive
      Bethesda MD 20892-6612
      Phone #: 301-496-5717
      800 #: --
      e-mail: N/A
      Home page: http://www.niaid.nih.gov/
    • National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)
      31 Center Drive
      Bethesda MD 20892-2540
      Phone #: 301-496-5751
      800 #: 800-352-9424
      e-mail: [email protected]
      Home page: http://www.ninds.nih.gov/
    • National Parkinson Foundation, Inc.
      1501 NW 9th Ave/Bob Hope Road
      Miami FL 33136-1494
      Phone #: 305-243-6666
      800 #: 800-327-4545
      e-mail: [email protected]
      Home page: http://www.parkinson.org
    • New Horizons Un-Limited, Inc.
      811 East Wisconsin Ave
      Milwaukee WI 53202
      Phone #: 414-299-0124
      800 #: N/A
      e-mail: [email protected]
      Home page: http://www.new-horizons.org
    • Parkinson's Disease Foundation, Inc.
      1359 Broadway
      New York NY 10018
      Phone #: 212-923-4700
      800 #: 800-457-6676
      e-mail: [email protected]
      Home page: http://www.pdf.org
    • Stem Cell Research Foundation
      22512 Gateway Center Drive
      Clarksburg MD 20871
      Phone #: 877-842-3442
      800 #: N/A
      e-mail: [email protected]
      Home page: http://www.stemcellresearchfoundation.org
    • Vasculitis of the Central Nervous System
      [email protected]
      None None None
      Phone #: 770-978-5636
      800 #: --
      e-mail: [email protected]
      Home page: http://[email protected]
    • WE MOVE (Worldwide Education and Awareness for Movement Disorders)
      204 West 84th Street
      New York NY 10024
      Phone #: 212-875-8312
      800 #: N/A
      e-mail: [email protected]
      Home page: http://www.wemove.org

    For a Complete Report

    This is an abstract of a report from the National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc. ? (NORD). A copy of the complete report can be obtained for a small fee by visiting the NORD website. The complete report contains additional information including symptoms, causes, affected population, related disorders, standard and investigational treatments (if available), and references from medical literature. For a full-text version of this topic, see http://www.rarediseases.org/search/rdblist.html