Diseases & Conditions


A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome


Synonyms of Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome
  • Acute Lung Injury
  • Adult Respiratory Distress Syndrome
  • ARDS

Disorder Subdivisions



    General Discussion
    Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a type of severe, acute lung dysfunction affecting all or most of both lungs that occurs as a result of illness or injury. Although it is sometimes called adult respiratory distress syndrome, it may also affect children. Major symptoms may include breathing difficulties (dyspnea), rapid breathing (tachypnea), excessively deep and rapid breathing (hyperventilation) and insufficient levels of oxygen in the circulating blood (hypoxemia). ARDS may develop in conjunction with widespread infection in the body (sepsis) or as a result of pneumonia, trauma, shock, severe burns, aspiration of food into the lung, multiple blood transfusions, and inhalation of toxic fumes, among other things. It usually develops within 24 to 48 hours after the original illness or injury and is considered a medical emergency. It may progress to involvement of other organs.
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    Organizations related to Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome
    • American Lung Association
      61 Broadway, 6th Floor
      New York NY 10006
      Phone #: 212-315-8700
      800 #: 800-586-4872
      e-mail: N/A
      Home page: http://www.lungusa.org
    • NIH/National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute Information Center
      P.O. Box 30105
      Bethesda MD 20824-0105
      Phone #: 301-592-8573
      800 #: --
      e-mail: nhlbiinfo@rover.nhlbi.nih.gov
      Home page: N/A



    For a Complete Report

    This is an abstract of a report from the National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc. ? (NORD). A copy of the complete report can be obtained for a small fee by visiting the NORD website. The complete report contains additional information including symptoms, causes, affected population, related disorders, standard and investigational treatments (if available), and references from medical literature. For a full-text version of this topic, see http://www.rarediseases.org/search/rdblist.html

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