Diseases & Conditions


A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Balo Disease


Synonyms of Balo Disease
  • Concentric Sclerosis
  • Encephalitis Periaxialis Concentrica
  • Leukoencephalitis Periaxialis Concentric

Disorder Subdivisions



    General Discussion
    Balo Disease is a rare and progressive variant of multiple sclerosis. It usually first appears in adulthood, but childhood cases have also been reported. While multiple sclerosis typically is a disease that waxes and wanes, Balo Disease is different in that it tends to be rapidly progressive. Symptoms may include headache, seizures, gradual paralysis, involuntary muscle spasms, and cognitive loss. The alternative names for Balo Disease, concentric sclerosis or Balo concentric sclerosis, refer to the fact that Balo Disease is characterized by bands of intact myelin (the sheath of fatty substances surrounding nerve fibers) alternating with rings of loss of myelin (demyelination) in various parts of the brain and brain stem. The symptoms of Balo Disease vary, according to the areas of the brain that are affected. Symptoms may progress rapidly over several weeks or more slowly over two to three years.
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    Organizations related to Balo Disease
    • American Autoimmune Related Diseases Association, Inc.
      22100 Gratiot Avenue
      Eastpointe MI 48021
      Phone #: 586-776-3900
      800 #: 800-598-4668
      e-mail: aarda@aarda.org
      Home page: http://www.aarda.org/
    • AutoImmunity Community
      None
      None None None
      Phone #: (91-9) -552-9057
      800 #: N/A
      e-mail: bandrews@autoimmunitycommunity.org
      Home page: http://autoimmunitycommunity.org
    • National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)
      31 Center Drive
      Bethesda MD 20892-2540
      Phone #: 301-496-5751
      800 #: 800-352-9424
      e-mail: braininfo@ninds.nih.gov
      Home page: http://www.ninds.nih.gov/
    • United Leukodystrophy Foundation
      2304 Highland Drive
      Sycamore IL 60178
      Phone #: 815-895-3211
      800 #: 800-728-5483
      e-mail: office@ulf.org
      Home page: http://www.ulf.org/



    For a Complete Report

    This is an abstract of a report from the National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc. ? (NORD). A copy of the complete report can be obtained for a small fee by visiting the NORD website. The complete report contains additional information including symptoms, causes, affected population, related disorders, standard and investigational treatments (if available), and references from medical literature. For a full-text version of this topic, see http://www.rarediseases.org/search/rdblist.html