Diseases & Conditions


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Bladder Exstrophy-Epispadias-Cloacal Exstrophy Complex


Synonyms of Bladder Exstrophy-Epispadias-Cloacal Exstrophy Complex
  • Ectopia Vesicae

Disorder Subdivisions



    General Discussion
    Bladder exstrophy-epispadias-cloacal exstrophy complex is a spectrum of anomalies involving the urinary tract, genital tract, musculoskeletal system and sometimes the intestinal tract. In classic bladder exstrophy, most anomalies are related to defects of the abdominal wall, bladder, genitalia, pelvic bones, rectum and anus. Bladder exstrophy is a rare developmental abnormality that is present at birth (congenital) in which the bladder and related structures are turned inside out. The rear portion of the bladder wall (posterior vesical wall) turns outward (exstrophy) through an opening in the abdominal wall and urine is excreted through this opening. The extent of the exstrophy depends on how large the opening is. The mildest form is when there is a defect or opening in the tube that carries urine out of the body from the bladder (urethra) and is termed epispadias. The most severe form is when there is a defect in the urethra, bladder and bowel (cloacal exstrophy). Classic bladder exstrophy is when there is a defect in the urethra and bladder and is intermediate in severity. The underlying cause of this complex is not known. The physical characteristics are the result of a developmental abnormality during embryonic growth in which the cloacal membrane is not replaced by tissue that will form the abdominal muscles.

    Organizations related to Bladder Exstrophy-Epispadias-Cloacal Exstrophy Complex
    • American Urological Association Foundation
      1000 Corporate Blvd.
      Linthicum MD 21090
      Phone #: 410-689-3700
      800 #: 866-746-4282
      e-mail: auafoundation@auafoundation.org
      Home page: http://www.auafoundation.org
    • Association For Bladder Exstrophy Community
      3075 First St.
      La Salle MI 48145
      Phone #: 734-243-9912
      800 #: 866-300-2222
      e-mail: admin@bladderexstrophy.com
      Home page: http://www.bladderexstrophy.com
    • Birth Defect Research for Children
      930 Woodcock Rd
      Orlando FL 32803
      Phone #: 407-895-0802
      800 #: --
      e-mail: staff@birthdefects.org
      Home page: http://www.birthdefects.org
    • MUMS (Mothers United for Moral Support, Inc) National Parent-to-Parent Network
      150 Custer Court
      Green Bay WI 54301-1243
      Phone #: 920-336-5333
      800 #: 877-336-5333
      e-mail: mums@netnet.net
      Home page: http://www.netnet.net/mums/
    • Madisons Foundation
      PO Box 241956
      Los Angeles CA 90024
      Phone #: 310-264-0826
      800 #: N/A
      e-mail: getinfo@madisonsfoundation.org
      Home page: http://www.madisonsfoundation.org
    • NIH/National Kidney and Urologic Diseases Information Clearinghouse
      3 Information Way
      Bethesda MD 20892-3580
      Phone #: N/A
      800 #: 800-891-5390
      e-mail: nkudic@info.niddk.nih.gov
      Home page: http://kidney.niddk.nih.gov/
    • National Association for Continence
      PO Box 1019
      Charleston SC 29402
      Phone #: 843-377-0900
      800 #: 800-252-3337
      e-mail: memberservices@nafc.org
      Home page: http://www.nafc.org
    • Pull-Thru Network
      2312 Savoy Street
      Hoover AL 35226
      Phone #: 205-978-2930
      800 #: --
      e-mail: PTNmail@charter.net
      Home page: http://www.PullthruNetwork.org
    • Ureterosigmoidostomy Association
      690 Pleasant Hill Rd
      Brunswick ME 04011
      Phone #: 207-725-2753
      800 #: --
      e-mail: kascar@yahoo.com
      Home page: http://www.theusa.org



    For a Complete Report

    This is an abstract of a report from the National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc. ? (NORD). A copy of the complete report can be obtained for a small fee by visiting the NORD website. The complete report contains additional information including symptoms, causes, affected population, related disorders, standard and investigational treatments (if available), and references from medical literature. For a full-text version of this topic, see http://www.rarediseases.org/search/rdblist.html