Diseases & Conditions


A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Cytomegalovirus Infection


Synonyms of Cytomegalovirus Infection
  • CMV
  • Cytomegalic Inclusion Disease
  • Giant Cell Inclusion Disease (CID)
  • Human Cytomegalovirus Infection
  • Salivary Gland Disease, CMV Type

Disorder Subdivisions

  • Acquired Cytomegalovirus Infection
  • Congenital Cytomegalovirus Infection
  • Postperfusion Syndrome


General Discussion
Cytomegalovirus infection (CMV) is a viral infection that rarely causes obvious illness. The virus that causes CMV is part of the herpes virus family and, like other herpes viruses, may become dormant for a period of time and then be reactivated. CMV affects young children mainly, but it is estimated that by age 30 in the United States, half of all adults are, or have been, infected. The virus can pass from an infected, pregnant mother to her child through the shared blood supply (umbilical cord).

Physicians recognize three clinical forms of CMV. These include: (1) CMV inclusion disease of the newborn, which ranges in severity from being without symptoms to being a severe disease affecting the liver, spleen and central nervous system, with possible developmental disabilities; (2) Acute acquired CMV infection, which is similar to infectious mononucleosis and characterized by fever, a feeling of beng not quite right (malaise), skeletal-muscular pain and the absence of a sore throat; (3) CMV in immunocompromised persons (for instance, people who have had organ transplants or who have HIV) with increased risk for difficult eye infections (CMV retinitis), gastrointestinal CMV, and encephalitis.

Organizations related to Cytomegalovirus Infection
  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
    1600 Clifton Road NE
    Atlanta GA 30333
    Phone #: 404-639-3534
    800 #: 800-311-3435
    e-mail: http://www.cdc.gov/netinfo.htm
    Home page: http://www.cdc.gov/
  • MUMS (Mothers United for Moral Support, Inc) National Parent-to-Parent Network
    150 Custer Court
    Green Bay WI 54301-1243
    Phone #: 920-336-5333
    800 #: 877-336-5333
    e-mail: mums@netnet.net
    Home page: http://www.netnet.net/mums/
  • NIH/National Eye Institute
    Building 31 Rm 6A32
    Bethesda MD 20892-2510
    Phone #: 301-496-5248
    800 #: --
    e-mail: 2020@nei.nih.gov
    Home page: http://www.nei.nih.gov/
  • NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases
    6610 Rockledge Drive
    Bethesda MD 20892-6612
    Phone #: 301-496-5717
    800 #: --
    e-mail: N/A
    Home page: http://www.niaid.nih.gov/
  • National Congenital CMV Disease Registry
    None
    Houston TX 77030-2399
    Phone #: 832-824-4387
    800 #: --
    e-mail: cmv@bcm.tmc.edu
    Home page: http://www.bcm.tmc.edu/pedi/infect/cmv
  • National Consortium on Deaf-Blindness (NCDB)
    The Teaching Research Institute
    Monmouth OR 97361
    Phone #: 800-438-9376
    800 #: 800-438-9376
    e-mail: info@nationaldb.org
    Home page: http://www.nationaldb.org
  • Perkins School for the Blind
    175 North Beacon St.
    Watertown MA 02472
    Phone #: 617-924-3434
    800 #: N/A
    e-mail: Info@Perkins.org
    Home page: http://www.Perkins.org



For a Complete Report

This is an abstract of a report from the National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc. ? (NORD). A copy of the complete report can be obtained for a small fee by visiting the NORD website. The complete report contains additional information including symptoms, causes, affected population, related disorders, standard and investigational treatments (if available), and references from medical literature. For a full-text version of this topic, see http://www.rarediseases.org/search/rdblist.html