Diseases & Conditions


A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Dystonia


Synonyms of Dystonia
  • Torsion Dystonia

Disorder Subdivisions

  • Blepharospasm (Benign Essential Blepharospasm[BEB])
  • Cervical Dystonia (Spasmodic Torticollis[ST])
  • Childhood-onset Dystonia
  • Dopa-responsive Dystonia (DRD)
  • Early-onset Dystonia
  • Focal Dystonia
  • Generalized Dystonia
  • Late-onset Dystonia
  • Myoclonic Dystonia
  • Oromandibular Dystonia
  • Paroxysmal Dystonia
  • Paroxysmal Dystonia Choreathetosis
  • Paroxysmal Kinesigenic Dystonia (PKD)
  • Primary Dystonia
  • Rapid-onset Dystonia-parkinsonism (RDP)
  • Secondary Dystonia
  • Segmental Dystonia
  • Spasmodic Dysphonia (SD)
  • Spasmodic Torticollis (Cervical Dystonia)
  • Tardive Dyskinesia
  • Tardive Dystonia
  • Writer?s Cramp
  • X-Linked Dystonia-parkinsonism


General Discussion
Dystonia is a group of movement disorders that vary in their symptoms, causes, progression, and treatments. This group of neurological conditions is generally characterized by involuntary muscle contractions that force the body into abnormal, sometimes painful, movements and positions (postures).

Dystonia may be focal (affecting an isolated body part), segmental (affecting adjacent body areas, or generalized (affecting many major muscle groups simultaneously). There are many different causes for dystonia. Genetic as well as non-genetic factors contribute to all forms of dystonia. The most characteristic finding associated with dystonia is twisting, repetitive movements that affect the neck, torso, limbs, eyes, face, vocal chords, and/or a combination of these muscle groups.
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Organizations related to Dystonia
  • American Association of Neurological Surgeons
    5550 Meadowbrook Drive
    Rolling Meadows IL 60008-3852
    Phone #: 847-378-0500
    800 #: 888-566-2267
    e-mail: info@aans.org
    Home page: http://www.NeurosurgeryToday.org
  • Dystonia Medical Research Foundation
    1 East Wacker Drive
    Chicago IL 60601-1905
    Phone #: 312-755-0198
    800 #: 800-377-3978
    e-mail: dystonia@dystonia-foundation.org
    Home page: http://www.dystonia-foundation.org
  • Dystonia Society
    89 Albert Embankment
    London Intl SE1 7TP
    Phone #: 084-5 4-58 6211
    800 #: 084-5 4-58 6322
    e-mail: info@dystonia.org.uk
    Home page: http://www.dystonia.org.uk
  • MUMS (Mothers United for Moral Support, Inc) National Parent-to-Parent Network
    150 Custer Court
    Green Bay WI 54301-1243
    Phone #: 920-336-5333
    800 #: 877-336-5333
    e-mail: mums@netnet.net
    Home page: http://www.netnet.net/mums/
  • National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)
    31 Center Drive
    Bethesda MD 20892-2540
    Phone #: 301-496-5751
    800 #: 800-352-9424
    e-mail: braininfo@ninds.nih.gov
    Home page: http://www.ninds.nih.gov/
  • National Spasmodic Dysphonia Association
    300 Park Boulevard
    Itasca IL 60143
    Phone #: N/A
    800 #: 800-795-6732
    e-mail: nsda@dysphonia.org
    Home page: http://www.dysphonia.org
  • Organization For Anti-Convulsant Syndrome
    PO Box 772
    Preston Intl PR3 6WW
    Phone #: 012-53 - 790000
    800 #: N/A
    e-mail: Janet.oacs@btinternet.com
    Home page: http://www.oacs-uk.co.uk/
  • Spasmodic Torticollis Dystonia, Inc
    PO Box 28
    Mukwonago WI 53149
    Phone #: 262-560-9534
    800 #: 888-445-4588
    e-mail: info@spasmodictorticollis.org
    Home page: http://www.spasmodictorticollis.org
  • WE MOVE (Worldwide Education and Awareness for Movement Disorders)
    204 West 84th Street
    New York NY 10024
    Phone #: 212-875-8312
    800 #: N/A
    e-mail: wemove@wemove.org
    Home page: http://www.wemove.org



For a Complete Report

This is an abstract of a report from the National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc. ? (NORD). A copy of the complete report can be obtained for a small fee by visiting the NORD website. The complete report contains additional information including symptoms, causes, affected population, related disorders, standard and investigational treatments (if available), and references from medical literature. For a full-text version of this topic, see http://www.rarediseases.org/search/rdblist.html