Diseases & Conditions


A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Essential Iris Atrophy


Synonyms of Essential Iris Atrophy
  • ICE Syndrome, Essential Iris Atrophy Type
  • Iridocorneal Endothelial (ICE) Syndrome, Essential Iris Atrophy
  • Progressive Essential Iris Atrophy

Disorder Subdivisions



    General Discussion
    Essential iris atrophy is a very rare, progressive disorder of the eye characterized by a pupil that is out of place and/or distorted, areas of degeneration on the iris (atrophy), and/or holes in the iris. This disorder most frequently affects only one eye (unilateral) and develops slowly over time. Attachment of portions of the iris to the cornea (peripheral anterior synechiae) and/or abnormalities in the cornea may lead to secondary glaucoma and vision loss.

    Essential iris atrophy is one of three iridocorneal endothelial (ICE) syndromes, each of which usually affects one eye of young to middle-aged men and women. The ICE syndromes (essential iris atrophy, Chandler syndrome, and Cogan-Reese syndrome) are distinct from one another. However, these disorders all affect the eye. Some of their symptoms overlap, making it difficult to distinguish between them.

    Organizations related to Essential Iris Atrophy
    • Glaucoma Research Foundation
      490 Post Street
      San Francisco CA 94102
      Phone #: 415-986-3162
      800 #: 800-826-6693
      e-mail: info@glaucoma.org
      Home page: http://www.glaucoma.org
    • NIH/National Eye Institute
      Building 31 Rm 6A32
      Bethesda MD 20892-2510
      Phone #: 301-496-5248
      800 #: --
      e-mail: 2020@nei.nih.gov
      Home page: http://www.nei.nih.gov/
    • National Association for Parents of Children with Visual Impairments (NAPVI)
      P.O. Box 317
      Watertown MA 02472
      Phone #: 617-972-7441
      800 #: 800-562-6265
      e-mail: napvi@perkins.org
      Home page: http://www.napvi.org
    • National Association for Visually Handicapped
      22 West 21st Street
      New York NY 10010
      Phone #: 212-889-3141
      800 #: --
      e-mail: staff@navh.org
      Home page: http://www.navh.org
    • Prevent Blindness America
      211 West Wacker Drive
      Chicago IL 60606
      Phone #: 312-363-6001
      800 #: 800-331-2020
      e-mail: info@preventblindness.org
      Home page: http://www.preventblindness.org



    For a Complete Report

    This is an abstract of a report from the National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc. ? (NORD). A copy of the complete report can be obtained for a small fee by visiting the NORD website. The complete report contains additional information including symptoms, causes, affected population, related disorders, standard and investigational treatments (if available), and references from medical literature. For a full-text version of this topic, see http://www.rarediseases.org/search/rdblist.html