Diseases & Conditions


A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Pneumonia, Interstitial


Synonyms of Pneumonia, Interstitial
  • Bronchiolitis Obliterans Organizing Pneumonia (Boop)
  • Chronic Fibrous Pneumonia
  • Diffuse Alveolar Damage
  • Fibrous Interstitial Pneumonia
  • Giant Cell Interstitial Pneumonia
  • Idiopathic Interstitial Pneumonia
  • Usual Interstitial Pneumonia (UIP)

Disorder Subdivisions

  • Acute Interstitial Pneumonia (AIP)
  • Cryptogenic Organizing Pneumonia (COP)
  • Desquamative Interstitial Pneumonia (DIP)
  • Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis (IPF)
  • Lymphoid Interstitial Pneumonia (LIP)
  • Nonspecific Interstitial Pneumonia (NSIP)
  • Respiratory Bronchiolitis-Associated Interstitial Lung Disease (RB-ILD)


General Discussion
The abnormal accumulation of inflammatory cells in lung tissue may lead to any one of several disorders with similar signs and symptoms. As white blood cells and protein-rich plasma build up in the air sacs of the lungs (alveoli), inflammation is generated. The inflammatory process, if it lasts long enough, may harden the fluid and the resultant firm, fibrous substance (scarring) may replace the lung tissue. If the scarring is extensive, the air sacs may be destroyed over time and the resultant space replaced by cysts.

The American Thoracic Society and the European Respiratory Society jointly studied the interstitial pneumonias during 2001 and issued a Multidisciplinary Consensus Classification of the Idiopathic Interstitial Pneumonias. This consensus statement was intended to replace several older classification schemes that had led to a confusion of names and syndromes.

Participants agreed that the Idiopathic Interstitial Pneumonias (IIPs) comprise a number of clinical entities that are each rare and sufficiently different from one another to be considered as distinct disorders. This report follows the joint ARS/ERS classification.
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Organizations related to Pneumonia, Interstitial
  • American Lung Association
    61 Broadway, 6th Floor
    New York NY 10006
    Phone #: 212-315-8700
    800 #: 800-586-4872
    e-mail: N/A
    Home page: http://www.lungusa.org
  • NIH/National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute Information Center
    P.O. Box 30105
    Bethesda MD 20824-0105
    Phone #: 301-592-8573
    800 #: --
    e-mail: nhlbiinfo@rover.nhlbi.nih.gov
    Home page: N/A



For a Complete Report

This is an abstract of a report from the National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc. ? (NORD). A copy of the complete report can be obtained for a small fee by visiting the NORD website. The complete report contains additional information including symptoms, causes, affected population, related disorders, standard and investigational treatments (if available), and references from medical literature. For a full-text version of this topic, see http://www.rarediseases.org/search/rdblist.html