Diseases & Conditions


A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Sudden Infant Death Syndrome


Synonyms of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome
  • Cot Death
  • Crib Death
  • SIDS

Disorder Subdivisions



    General Discussion
    Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is the sudden death of an infant under the age of 1 year that remains unexplained after careful review of the history, death scene investigation, and thorough autopsy (1). In 2005, it was listed as the third leading cause of death in infants in the United States (2). Causes of SIDS are considered to be multifactorial. The triple risk hypothesis describes the presence of three risk factors that, when overlapping, predispose a baby to SIDS. These include an environmental trigger/stress, a critical developmental period, and an underlying vulnerability (3). Physician-scientists and scientists are studying neuropathological tissue and genetic material from SIDS victims to ascertain factors that might be responsible for heightening an infant?s vulnerability to SIDS. Others are performing physiologic studies on infants known to have an increased risk for SIDS. Basic scientists are studying animal models that might provide insight into mechanisms responsible for SIDS. Current clinical management targets improving education for families and caregivers regarding known modifiable environmental stressors (risk factors) (see below).

    Organizations related to Sudden Infant Death Syndrome
    • American Sudden Infant Death Syndrome Institute
      509 Augusta Drive
      Marietta GA 30067
      Phone #: 770-426-8746
      800 #: 800-232-7437
      e-mail: prevent@sids.org
      Home page: http://www.sids.org
    • First Candle-SIDS Alliance
      1314 Bedford Avenue
      Baltimore MD 21208
      Phone #: 410-653-8226
      800 #: 800-221-7437
      e-mail: info@firstcandle.org
      Home page: http://www.firstcandle.org
    • Foundation for the Study of Infant Deaths
      Artillery House
      London Intl SW1P 1RT
      Phone #: 087-0 7-87 0885
      800 #: 087-0 7-87 0554
      e-mail: fsid@sids.org.uk
      Home page: http://www.sids.org.uk/fsid
    • MUMS (Mothers United for Moral Support, Inc) National Parent-to-Parent Network
      150 Custer Court
      Green Bay WI 54301-1243
      Phone #: 920-336-5333
      800 #: 877-336-5333
      e-mail: mums@netnet.net
      Home page: http://www.netnet.net/mums/
    • NIH/National Institute of Child Health and Human Development
      31 Center Dr
      Bethesda MD 20892
      Phone #: 301-496-5133
      800 #: --
      e-mail: N/A
      Home page: http://www.nichd.nih.gov/
    • National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)
      31 Center Drive
      Bethesda MD 20892-2540
      Phone #: 301-496-5751
      800 #: 800-352-9424
      e-mail: braininfo@ninds.nih.gov
      Home page: http://www.ninds.nih.gov/
    • National SIDS and Infant Death Resource Center
      8280 Greensboro Drive
      McLean VA 22102
      Phone #: 703-821-8955
      800 #: 866-866-7437
      e-mail: sids@circlesolutions.com
      Home page: http://www.sidscenter.org
    • SIDS Educational Services, Inc.
      PO Box 2426
      Cheverly MD 20784
      Phone #: 301-322-2620
      800 #: --
      e-mail: SIDSES@aol.com
      Home page: http://www.sidssurvivalguide.org



    For a Complete Report

    This is an abstract of a report from the National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc. ? (NORD). A copy of the complete report can be obtained for a small fee by visiting the NORD website. The complete report contains additional information including symptoms, causes, affected population, related disorders, standard and investigational treatments (if available), and references from medical literature. For a full-text version of this topic, see http://www.rarediseases.org/search/rdblist.html