Diseases & Conditions


A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Tarlov Cysts


Synonyms of Tarlov Cysts
  • Perineural Cysts
  • Sacral Nerve Root Cysts

Disorder Subdivisions



    General Discussion
    Tarlov cysts are fluid-filled sacs that affect the nerve roots of the spine, especially near the base of the spine (sacral region). Individuals may be affected by multiple cysts of varying size. In most cases, Tarlov cysts do not cause symptoms (asymptomatic). However, symptoms can occur depending upon the size and specific location of the cyst. Symptoms sometimes caused by Tarlov cysts include pain, an inability to control bladder and bowel movements (incontinence), and weakness in the legs. Small, asymptomatic cysts can slowly increase in size eventually causing symptoms. The exact cause of Tarlov cysts is unknown. Tarlov cysts were first described in the medical literature in 1938.

    Organizations related to Tarlov Cysts
    • American Association of Neurological Surgeons
      5550 Meadowbrook Drive
      Rolling Meadows IL 60008-3852
      Phone #: 847-378-0500
      800 #: 888-566-2267
      e-mail: info@aans.org
      Home page: http://www.NeurosurgeryToday.org
    • National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)
      31 Center Drive
      Bethesda MD 20892-2540
      Phone #: 301-496-5751
      800 #: 800-352-9424
      e-mail: braininfo@ninds.nih.gov
      Home page: http://www.ninds.nih.gov/
    • Tarlov Cyst Disease Foundation
      326 Norton Rd.
      Knoxville TN 37920
      Phone #: 865-577-4945
      800 #: N/A
      e-mail: contactus@tarlovcystfoundation.org
      Home page: http://www.tarlovcystfoundation.org



    For a Complete Report

    This is an abstract of a report from the National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc. ? (NORD). A copy of the complete report can be obtained for a small fee by visiting the NORD website. The complete report contains additional information including symptoms, causes, affected population, related disorders, standard and investigational treatments (if available), and references from medical literature. For a full-text version of this topic, see http://www.rarediseases.org/search/rdblist.html