Diseases & Conditions


A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

VACTERL Association


Synonyms of VACTERL Association
  • VACTERLS association
  • VATER association
  • VATERS association

Disorder Subdivisions



    General Discussion
    VACTERL association is a nonrandom association of birth defects that affects multiple organ systems. The term VACTERL is an acronym with each letter representing the first letter of one of the more common findings seen in affected children:

    (V) = vertebral abnormalities
    (A) = anal atresia
    (C) = cardiac (heart) defects
    (T) = tracheal anomalies including tracheoesophageal fistula
    (E) = esophageal atresia
    (R) = renal (kidney) and radial abnormalities
    (L) = (other) limb abnormalities

    In addition, to the above mentioned features, affected children may also exhibit less frequent abnormalities including growth deficiencies and failure to gain weight and grow at the expected rate (failure to thrive). Further low-frequency findings include facial asymmetry (hemifacial microsomia), external ear malformations, lung lobation defects, intestinal malrotation and genital anomalies. VATER/VACTERL features are more common in twinning. In some cases, the acronym VATER association is used. Some researchers have added an (S) to the VACTERL or VATER acronym to represent a single umbilical artery instead of the normal two. Mental functioning and intelligence is usually unaffected; developmental delay/mental retardation should suggest an alternative diagnosis. The exact cause of VACTERL association is unknown. Most cases occur randomly, for no apparent reason (sporadic).

    Organizations related to VACTERL Association
    • Birth Defect Research for Children
      930 Woodcock Rd
      Orlando FL 32803
      Phone #: 407-895-0802
      800 #: --
      e-mail: staff@birthdefects.org
      Home page: http://www.birthdefects.org
    • Congenital Heart Anomalies, Support, Education, & Resources
      2112 North Wilkins Road
      Swanton OH 43558
      Phone #: 419-825-5575
      800 #: --
      e-mail: chaser@compuserve.com
      Home page: http://www.csun.edu/~hcmth011/chaser/chaser-news.html
    • EA/TEF Child and Family Support Connection, Inc.
      111 West Jackson Boulevard
      Chicago IL 60604-3502
      Phone #: 312-987-9085
      800 #: --
      e-mail: info@eatef.org
      Home page: http://www.eatef.org
    • Fetal Hope Foundation
      9786 S Holland Street
      Littelton CO 80127
      Phone #: 303-932-0553
      800 #: 877-789-4673
      e-mail: info@fetalhope.org
      Home page: http://www.fetalhope.org
    • MUMS (Mothers United for Moral Support, Inc) National Parent-to-Parent Network
      150 Custer Court
      Green Bay WI 54301-1243
      Phone #: 920-336-5333
      800 #: 877-336-5333
      e-mail: mums@netnet.net
      Home page: http://www.netnet.net/mums/
    • March of Dimes Birth Defects Foundation
      1275 Mamaroneck Avenue
      White Plains NY 10605
      Phone #: 914-428-7100
      800 #: 888-663-4637
      e-mail: Askus@marchofdimes.com
      Home page: http://www.marchofdimes.com
    • TEF/VATER/VACTRL National Support Network
      15301 Grey Fox Road
      Upper Marlboro MD 20772
      Phone #: 301-952-6837
      800 #: --
      e-mail: tefvater@ix.netcom.com
      Home page: http://www.tefvater.org
    • Tracheo Oesophageal Fistula Support Group (TOFS)
      St. George's Centre
      Nottingham Intl NG4 2NN
      Phone #: 011-5 9-61 3092
      800 #: --
      e-mail: office@tofs.org.uk
      Home page: http://www.tofs.org.uk
    • VATER Connection, Inc.
      1722 Yucca Lane
      Emporia KS 66801
      Phone #: 620-342-6954
      800 #: --
      e-mail: angie@vaterconnection.org
      Home page: http://www.vaterconnection.org



    For a Complete Report

    This is an abstract of a report from the National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc. ? (NORD). A copy of the complete report can be obtained for a small fee by visiting the NORD website. The complete report contains additional information including symptoms, causes, affected population, related disorders, standard and investigational treatments (if available), and references from medical literature. For a full-text version of this topic, see http://www.rarediseases.org/search/rdblist.html