Diseases & Conditions


A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

West Nile Encephalitis


Synonyms of West Nile Encephalitis
  • Eastern equine encephalitis
  • EEE
  • Japanese encephalitis
  • Kunjin fever
  • Venezuelan encephalitis
  • Viral encephalitis
  • WEE
  • Western equine encephalitis
  • West Nile Fever
  • West Nile virus
  • WNE

Disorder Subdivisions



    General Discussion
    There are seventeen spieces of birds that are the known carriers of and transmit West Nile Encephalitis (WNE) to humans via the Culex, Aedes, and Anopheles mosquitoes. WNE first causes symptomatic or asymptomatic illness in wild migratory birds that act as viral replication factories. Wild birds infected with WNE contain high titers of the virus and remain viremic for 1-2 weeks, making them ideal hosts to perpetuate the disease. Mosquitoes transmit WNE from birds to humans. Horses, dogs, and other small animals may harbor WNE after being bitten; however, they are inefficient transmitters because viral titers are relatively low, and WNE viremia is short-lived in these animals.

    Organizations related to West Nile Encephalitis
    • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
      1600 Clifton Road NE
      Atlanta GA 30333
      Phone #: 404-639-3534
      800 #: 800-311-3435
      e-mail: http://www.cdc.gov/netinfo.htm
      Home page: http://www.cdc.gov/
    • Encephalitis Global
      1638 Pierard Road
      British Columbia Intl V7J 1Y2
      Phone #: 604--98-0-2236
      800 #: N/A
      e-mail: admin@encephalitisglobal.org
      Home page: http://www.encephalitisglobal.org
    • Encephalitis Society
      7B Saville Street
      Malton, North Yorkshire None YO17 7LL
      Phone #: 44 -(0)- 1652 625 583
      800 #: N/A
      e-mail: mail@encephalitis.info
      Home page: http://www.encephalitis.info
    • MUMS (Mothers United for Moral Support, Inc) National Parent-to-Parent Network
      150 Custer Court
      Green Bay WI 54301-1243
      Phone #: 920-336-5333
      800 #: 877-336-5333
      e-mail: mums@netnet.net
      Home page: http://www.netnet.net/mums/
    • NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases
      6610 Rockledge Drive
      Bethesda MD 20892-6612
      Phone #: 301-496-5717
      800 #: --
      e-mail: N/A
      Home page: http://www.niaid.nih.gov/
    • National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)
      31 Center Drive
      Bethesda MD 20892-2540
      Phone #: 301-496-5751
      800 #: 800-352-9424
      e-mail: braininfo@ninds.nih.gov
      Home page: http://www.ninds.nih.gov/
    • Transverse Myelitis Association
      1787 Sutter Parkway
      Powell OH 43065-8806
      Phone #: 614-766-1806
      800 #: --
      e-mail: ssiegel@myelitis.org
      Home page: http://www.myelitis.org



    For a Complete Report

    This is an abstract of a report from the National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc. ? (NORD). A copy of the complete report can be obtained for a small fee by visiting the NORD website. The complete report contains additional information including symptoms, causes, affected population, related disorders, standard and investigational treatments (if available), and references from medical literature. For a full-text version of this topic, see http://www.rarediseases.org/search/rdblist.html